Webhooks Authentication

Duda can sign requests using the HMAC-SHA256 algorithm to allow your app to verify the authenticity of the sender (Duda) and of the payload.

📘

This feature is available only for managed accounts

To get access to this feature, please contact your account manager or Duda support.

Comparing signatures

The signature value is calculated as follows:

  1. You should concatenate the timestamp (passed in the x-duda-signature-timestamp header) with the body message, separated by a period. const message = timestamp + "." + bodyString.
  2. The secret key given to you by Duda should be base64 decoded.
  3. Generate an HMAC Hash using the sha256 algorithm from the variables above. Ensure the output is in binary (for example, PHP defaults to hex).
  4. Base64 encode the resulting HMAC Hash.
  5. Compare the encoded HMAC Hash to the signature you received in the x-duda-signature header in the request. If they don't match, throw an error and stop all execution.

An example with data

The request body is {'key1':'world','key2':'world'} the timestamp (x-duda-signature-timestamp header) is 1570350275357 and our secret key is mysecretsecret.

Calculating base64(hmac-sha256(secret-key, timestamp + "." + message)) results in +DCfT1wIMUiaZnlZB4u59/d5wkXKA89lv67Ov66vnyc= which is the value we will find in x-duda-signature header of the signed request.

Code examples

String getHMAC(String timestamp,String message) {
        String secretKey = ...;
        SecretKeySpec signingKey = new SecretKeySpec(secretKey.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8), "HmacSHA256");

        String input = timestamp + "." + message;
        Mac mac = Mac.getInstance("HmacSHA256");
        mac.init(signingKey);
        byte[] rawHmac = mac.doFinal(input.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));
        return new String(Base64.getEncoder().encode((rawHmac)));
}


String body = request.getBody();
String timestamp = request.getHeader("x-duda-signature-timestamp");

String hmac = getHMAC(timestamp, body);
String signautreHeader = request.getHeader("x-duda-signature");

assert hmac.equals(signautreHeader);
const crypto = require('crypto');

const sig = req.headers["x-duda-signature"];
const time = req.headers["x-duda-signature-timestamp"];
const body = JSON.stringify(req.body);

const decoded = Buffer.from(<secret-key>, "base64").toString("utf8");
const check = crypto.createHmac("sha256", decoded)
    .update(`${time}.${body}`)
    .digest("base64");

assert(sig === check);
<?php
//Make sure that it is a POST request
if(strcasecmp($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'], 'POST') != 0){
    throw new Exception('Request method must be POST!');
}

//Make sure that the content type of the request is application/json
$contentType = isset($_SERVER["CONTENT_TYPE"]) ? trim($_SERVER["CONTENT_TYPE"]) : '';
if(strcasecmp($contentType, 'application/json') != 0){
    throw new Exception('Content type must be: application/json');
}

//Receive the RAW post data
$body = trim(file_get_contents("php://input"));

//Recieve custom headers and set variables
$headers = getallheaders();
$sigToVerify = $headers['x-duda-signature'];
$timestamp = $headers['x-duda-signature-timestamp'];

//Concat message to be hashed later.
$message = $timestamp . '.' . $body;

//Decode Base64 Secret from Duda
$secret = base64_decode('<B64_SECRET_GOES_HERE>');

//Generate hmac with data passed and the secret. Then base64 encode.
$hmac = base64_encode(hash_hmac('sha256',$message,$secret,true));

// Compare recieved base64 sig to sig generated. They should match.
if($sigToVerify == $hmac) {
      echo 'Signature verified, proceed!';
}

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